Essay on Corona Virus (Covid-19)Posted by inside, 30th, Jun 2020
The Corona Virus, or COVID-19, is inciting panic for some reason. It’s a new virus in the World, meaning no one has immunity, and there is no vaccine. Its originality means that scientists aren’t sure yet how it behaves they have little history to go on.
The Corona Virus family causes illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARs) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), according to the WHO.
They circulate in animals and some can be transmitted animals and humans. Several Coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
The new Corona Virus, the seventh known to affect humans, has named COVID-19.
China alerted the WHO to the case of unusual pneumonia in Wuhan on December 31. COVID-19 is thought to have originated in a seafood market wildlife was sold illegally. On February 7, Chinese researchers said the virus could have spread from an infected animal to humans through illegally trafficked pangolins, prized in Asia for food and medicine.
Scientists have pointed to either bats or snacks as possible sources.
Common signs of infection include Fever, Coughing, and Breathing Difficulties. In severe cases, it can cause viral infection, multiple organ failure, and death.
The incubation period of COVID-19 is thought to be between one and 14 days. It is contagious before symptoms appear which is why so many people get infected.
Infected patients can be also asymptomatic, meaning they do not display and symptoms despite having the virus in their systems.
Ways to prevent the disease
⦁ (wash your hands for 20sec) Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
⦁ (Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing) cover coughs and sneezes with tissues.
⦁ (Use Sanitizer) use hand sanitizer if soap and water is not available.
⦁ (Avoid crowded places social Distancing) as an individual, you can lower your risk of infection by reducing your rate of contact with other people. Avoiding public spaces and unnecessary social gatherings, especially events with large numbers of people or crowds, will lower the chance that you will be exposed to the coronavirus as well as to other infectious diseases like flu.
⦁ (Avoid contact with sick people) Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness.
Coronaviruses typically affect the respiratory tracts of birds and mammals, including humans. Doctors associate them with the common cold, bronchitis, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These viruses can also affect the gut.
Coronaviruses usually cause the common cold, though they can be responsible for more severe illnesses. Over the past 80 years, scientists have found that these viruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cattle. Sometimes, these animals transmit viruses to humans.
Most recently, authorities identified a new coronavirus outbreak in China that has now reached other countries. The virus is called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and it can cause COVID-19.
In 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) started monitoring the outbreak of a new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, which causes COVID-19. Authorities first identified the virus in Wuhan, China. Since then, the virus has spread to nearly every country, leading the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a pandemic.
The new coronavirus has been responsible for millions of infections globally, causing hundreds of thousands of deaths. The United States has seen the highest number of these deaths.
The first people with COVID-19 had links to an animal and seafood market. This suggests that animals initially transmitted the virus to humans. Then, people with no connections to the market developed the disease, confirming that humans can pass the virus to each other.
Most people who get COVID-19 will have a mild form of the disease. According to the WHO, around 80% of people who get COVID-19 will recover without needing hospitalization.
The remaining 20% become seriously ill and develop difficulty breathing.
Some groups are more at risk of severe disease, including older adults and people with underlying medical concerns, including high blood pressure, heart and lung problems, diabetes, and cancer.
The mortality rate varies between countries. In the U.S., the death rate is around 6%.
According to the CDC, children are not at higher risk of COVID-19 than adults.
Pregnant women appear to have the same risk of COVID-19 as other adults. However, during pregnancy, women have a higher risk of severe illness from viruses that are similar to SARS-CoV-2 and influenza.
The CDC also recommends that infants born to women with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 are put into isolation.
Symptoms of COVID-19:
According to the CDC, people may start to experience symptoms 2-24 days after exposure to the virus, symptoms may include:
⦁ A Fever
⦁ Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
⦁ Sore throat
⦁ Congestion or a runny nose
⦁ Muscle pain
⦁ New loss of taste or smell
⦁ Muscle pain
⦁ New loss of taste or smell
⦁ Nausea or vomiting
No vaccine is currently available for COVID-19. However, scientists have now replicated the virus. This could allow for early detection and treatment in people who have the virus but are not experiencing symptoms.
According to the CDC, the following groups have a higher risk of developing serious illness from COVID-19.
⦁ People aged 65 years or older
⦁ People living in nursing homes or care facilities
⦁ People of any age who have serious underlying medical conditions, including chronic lung disease, serious heart conditions, serve obesity a com [remised immune system, or diabetes.
The CDC notes that although there have been reports of complications in young children, these are rare. COVID-19 most commonly produces mild symptoms in children.
In this Easy, we explain the different types of human coronavirus, their symptoms, and how people transmit them. We also focus on three particularly dangerous diseases caused by coronaviruses: COVID-19, SARS, and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).