SBAR is an acronym of the words that comprise the situation, background, assessment and recommendations. It is the technique that is used to facilitate and prompt the valid communication needed. Over the recent years it has gained popularity among the health care business. This is mostly used by professionals such as physicians and nurses. This helps the professionals communicate with each other effectively which also allows important information to be transferred among each other back and forth. The format opted by SBAR allows the users to conduct organized and predictable flow of information among the professionals.


A few things are necessary for a healthcare professional to know before beginning an SBAR conversation. A thorough assessment of the patient should be done. The patient’s chart should be on hand with a list of current medications, allergies, IV fluids, and labs. Vital signs should be completed before making the call, and the patients code status should be known and reported.
This part of “S” in SBAR stands for the situation this part determines what is currently happening and what is the importance and role of health care professionals. This helps healthcare professionals to be used to the environment and with their patients. This helps them identify the concerns and provide them with a pep talk of some sort of. Moreover he should be able to describe the condition of the patient . It usually should be covered in the space of 10 seconds.
It is suitable for professionals to identify the person who they are treating. They should know to introduce oneself (including title or role) and where one is calling from. They should know the name, age, sex and the reason for their admission is key for the professionals. Lastly, the health care professional is to communicate the patient’s status (such as chest pain or nausea) .


The second acronym is background. Identifying the following information is key to provide accordingly . Firstly, the reason for the admission of the patient. Followed by their history and their medical status. The background lays some ground to determine how the patients will be diagnosed. During this stage the patient’s chart is ready and as much important medical-based information is provided to set up the assessment of data. There are certain examples for medical based information which include date and the reason for admission followed by the most recent vital signs that are emerging and also the vital signs outside of normal parameters. This determines the current medications, allergies. Labs, code status and other clinical information.


At this stage of the process the situation is cross examined to determine the most suitable course of action. This is the part where medical professionals diagnose the problem that they believed had occurred on the basis of current assessments and medical results. Any unnecessary information is avoided unless asked for.


Health care professionals give very accurate and precise explanations on what their requirements are during that particular time period. There could also be possible situations that have the ability to solve situations at hand can be discussed between health care professionals. Moreover, suggesting ideas among nurses and physicians can be confusing to come at a final decision. So there should be an explicit statement of what is required, how urgent, and what action needs to be taken is paramount.

Preparations are an essential part of SBAR and the healthcare professionals should be prepared for all the questions that await them that the physicians may ask. Consultations with colleagues may help them answer questions. It is highly recommended that information about medical records, medication, administration records, and patient flow sheet be studied before contacting a physician.

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